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Saturday, February 11, 2006

The Right to Offend

Posted by on February 11 at 13:22 PM

One of the things we keep hearing during this debate is that the cartoons the Danish paper published aren’t worth defending because they’re offensive. Offense is in the eye of the beholder, and we can debate it, but freedom of speech covers offensive speech, and for all sorts of good reasons—primarily to avoid having to empower a government or a bunch of clerics with the power to decide what is or is not offensive.

And, hey, when did free-speech advocates go all wobbly on the freedom to offend? Where are all the folks who used to run around quoting Voltaire when an issue like this rose up? “I may disagree with what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.”

Ayaan Hirsi Ali, a Muslim immigrant to Holland who lives under constant police protection as the result of death threat (one of which was stuck into Theo Van Gogh’s chest with a knife), gave a speech in Berlin yesterday defending our right to offend. I’m going to reproduce the whole thing here, as I think folks read the whole thing:

I am here to defend the right to offend.

It is my conviction that the vulnerable enterprise called democracy cannot exist without free expression, particularly in the media. Journalists must not forgo the obligation of free speech, which people in other hemispheres are denied.

I am of the opinion that it was correct to publish the cartoons of Muhammad in Jyllands Posten and it was right to re-publish them in other papers across Europe.

Let me reprise the history of this affair. The author of a children’s book on the prophet Muhammad could find no illustrators for his book. He claimed that illustrators were censoring themselves for fear of violence by Muslims who claimed no-one, anywhere, should be allowed to depict the prophet. Jyllands Posten decided to investigate this. They — rightly — felt that such self-censorship has far-reaching consequences for democracy.

It was their duty as journalists to solicit and publish drawings of the prophet Muhammad.

Shame on those papers and TV channels who lacked the courage to show their readers the caricatures in The Cartoon Affair. These intellectuals live off free speech but they accept censorship. They hide their mediocrity of mind behind noble-sounding terms such as `responsibility’ and `sensitivity’.

Shame on those politicians who stated that publishing and re-publishing the drawings was `unnecessary’, `insensitive’, `disrespectful’ and `wrong’. I am of the opinion that Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen of Denmark acted correctly when he refused to meet with representatives of tyrannical regimes who demanded from him that he limit the powers of the press. Today we should stand by him morally and materially. He is an example to all other European leaders. I wish my prime minister had Rasmussen’s guts.

Shame on those European companies in the Middle East that advertised “we are not Danish” or “we don’t sell Danish products”. This is cowardice. Nestle chocolates will never taste the same after this, will they? The EU member states should compensate Danish companies for the damage they have suffered from boycotts.

Liberty does not come cheap. A few million Euros is worth paying for the defence of free speech. If our governments neglect to help our Scandinavian friends then I hope citizens will organise a donation campaign for Danish companies.

We have been flooded with opinions on how tasteless and tactless the cartoons are — views emphasising that the cartoons only led to violence and discord. What good has come of the cartoons, so many wonder loudly?

Well, publication of the cartoons confirmed that there is widespread fear among authors, filmmakers, cartoonists and journalists who wish to describe, analyse or criticise intolerant aspects of Islam all over Europe.

It has also revealed the presence of a considerable minority in Europe who do not understand or will not accept the workings of liberal democracy. These people — many of whom hold European citizenship — have campaigned for censorship, for boycotts, for violence, and for new laws to ban `Islamophobia’.

The cartoons revealed to the public eye that there are countries willing to violate diplomatic rules for political expediency. Evil governments like Saudi Arabia stage “grassroots” movements to boycott Danish milk and yoghurt, while they would mercilessly crash a grassroots movement fighting for the right to vote.

Today I am here to defend the right to offend within the bounds of the law. You may wonder: why Berlin? And why me?

Berlin is rich in the history of ideological challenges to the open society. This is the city where a wall kept people within the boundaries of the Communist state. It was the city which focalized the battle for the hearts and minds of citizens. Defenders of the open society educated people in the shortcomings of Communism. The work of Marx was discussed in universities, in op-ed pages and in schools. Dissidents who escaped from the East could write, make films, cartoons and use their creativity to persuade those in the West that Communism was far from paradise on earth.

Despite the self-censorship of many in the West, who idealised and defended Communism, and the brutal censorship of the East, that battle was won.

Today, the open society is challenged by Islamism, ascribed to a man named Muhammad Abdullah who lived in the seventh century, and who is regarded as a prophet. Many Muslims are peaceful people; not all are fanatics. As far as I am concerned they have every right to be faithful to their convictions. But within Islam exists a hard-line Islamist movement that rejects democratic freedoms and wants to destroy them. These Islamists seek to convince other Muslims that their way of life is the best. But when opponents of Islamism try to expose the fallacies in the teachings of Muhammad then they are accused of being offensive, blasphemous, socially irresponsible — even Islamophobic or racist.

The issue is not about race, colour or heritage. It is a conflict of ideas, which transcend borders and races.

Why me? I am a dissident, like those from the Eastern side of this city who defected to the West. I too defected to the West. I was born in Somalia, and grew up in Saudi Arabic and Kenya. I used to be faithful to the guidelines laid down by the prophet Muhammad. Like the thousands demonstrating against the Danish drawings, I used to hold the view that Muhammad was perfect — the only source of, and indeed, the criterion between good and bad. In 1989 when Khomeini called for Salman Rushdie to be killed for insulting Muhammad, I thought he was right. Now I don’t.

I think that the prophet was wrong to have placed himself and his ideas above critical thought.

I think that the prophet Muhammad was wrong to have subordinated women to men.

I think that the prophet Muhammad was wrong to have decreed that gays be murdered.

I think that the prophet Muhammad was wrong to have said that apostates must be killed.

He was wrong in saying that adulterers should be flogged and stoned, and the hands of thieves should be cut off.

He was wrong in saying that those who die in the cause of Allah will be rewarded with paradise.

He was wrong in claiming that a proper society could be built only on his ideas.

The prophet did and said good things. He encouraged charity to others. But I wish to defend the position that he was also disrespectful and insensitive to those who disagreed with him.

I think it is right to make critical drawings and films of Muhammad. It is necessary to write books on him in order to educate ordinary citizens on Muhammad.

I do not seek to offend religious sentiment, but I will not submit to tyranny. Demanding that people who do not accept Muhammad’s teachings should refrain from drawing him is not a request for respect but a demand for submission.

I am not the only dissident in Islam. There are more like me here in the West. If they have no bodyguards they work under false identities to protect themselves from harm. But there are also others who refuse to conform: in Teheran, in Doha and Riyadh, in Amman and Cairo, in Khartoum and in Mogadishu, in Lahore and in Kabul.

The dissidents of Islamism, like the dissidents of communism, don’t have nuclear bombs or any other weapons. We have no money from oil like the Saudis. We will not burn embassies and flags. We refuse to get carried away in a frenzy of collective violence. In number we are too small and too scattered to become a collective of anything. In electoral terms here in the west we are practically useless.

All we have are our thoughts; and all we ask is a fair chance to express them. Our opponents will use force to silence us. They will use manipulation; they will claim they are mortally offended. They will claim we are mentally unstable and should not be taken seriously. The defenders of Communism, too, used these methods.

Berlin is a city of optimism. Communism failed. The wall was broken down. Things may seem difficult and confusing today. But I am optimistic that the virtual wall, between lovers of liberty and those who succumb to the seduction and safety of totalitarian ideas will also, one day, come down.

CommentsRSS icon

Okay, okay. I get it. It's great that the free press can print offensive material.

It seems like everybody has blown this out of proportion, though. The cartoons aren't very good -- they look like they were drawn by a third-grader who's been listening to too many Bush speeches. They aren't very important -- the cartoons aren't exactly groundbreaking works of lit or art.

Can't we just stop printing and re-printing them and move on? Glory hallelujah, we've got freedom of speech! Yay. Why continue to flaunt the cartoons?

And BTW, the Freepers are getting a lot of mileage out of this. Just today I was talking to a nice conservative toymaker from Helena. We had a pleasant debate on politics until we brought up NSA wiretapping.

"I just want to wake up in the morning," he said. "Look at the reaction to those cartoons. Half the world wants to kill us."

It's amazing how the right has taken this issue and run with it, urging all American newspapers to print and reprint the cartoons to stand up for freedom of speech, etc. (At the same time criticizing civil rights' leaders for talking politics at CSKing's funeral.)

Do I think newspapers have the right to print these cartoons? Hell, yeah! Do I think newspapers should print them, for the sole sake of proving that they can print them? You decide.

When someone is attempting to take away your right to draw, print, think, or say something, Touchstone, that's a good time to make a point of drawing, printing, doing, or saying just that.

Oh, and as for the Freepers: stopped clocks and like that.

To the people defending censorship in this issue: have you ever seen an editorial cartoon in your lives? Every week, newspapers all over the country run cartoons mocking the president, our country's economy, elected officials, celebrities, the news du jour and whatever else comes to mind. Yes, even God and Jesus Christ.

This is nothing new. Fundamentalist Muslims clearly don't read many Western papers, as I strongly recall all sorts of cartoons as far back as 2001 of Arabs with bombs and the like. There was no uproar then.

Everyone is making way more of a big deal out of this than they need to.

Or maybe the pro-censorship types out there are taking this incident and running with it in order to fulfill their restrictive, selfish agendae.

Touchstone, when has a policy of ignoring a international political problem ever solved anything ? The fact is European governments are so afraid of being branded anti-islamic or racist that they seem willing to sell basic freedoms away to apease a portion of it's polutlation. Refusing to talk and continue to talk about it will not make it magically disapear

I'd have a lot more respect for the P-I/Times editorial boards if they simply said "We arescared to publish the cartoons because there is too much risk to our staffc-- we fear that some angry Moslem bombing us."

At least that would get to the issue. The idea that it is "respect" -- not fear -- is BS.

The problem with trying to defend free speech by publishing material offensive to Muslims is that free speech doesn't exist in Denmark, France, or Germany. I remember reading in the Slog a while ago about this fashion ad, less offensive to Catholics than these cartoons are to Muslims, was banned in Italy. If you say anything anti-semitic, especially if you deny the holocaust or show a swastika in most of Western Europe, you'll go to jail. Asking the government to ban Islamophobia sounds ridiculous in the good ol USA, but it would be equal civil rights in Europe.

And about the boycotting of Danish products: THAT'S FREE SPEECH. When you have grievances against a perceived oppressor, that's the right thing to do (see: Rosa Parks, Gandhi, etc). Forcing the EU to compensate Danish companies is anti-free speech. It seems like a lot of angry Muslims and their sympathizers understand free speech a lot more than Ayaan Hirsi Ali.

Muslims getting offended isn't the problem here, even though it's hard for me to defend too much religious conviction. Western Europe's racist culture and laws are the first problem. Religious zeal on all sides is the second problem. It doesn't look like Europe is getting any more tolerant and Muslims aren't getting any less religious, so I'm really afraid this is going to end like so many other problems with minority religious/ethnic groups have ended in the past.

Uh, Rasmussen refused to meet with moderate Danish Muslims, not "representatives of tyrranical regimes."

That said, enough with the accusations of Europeans being raving racists. There are certainly raving racists on the fringes of European society, but Europeans are no more racist than Americans. At most, they have different issues and attitudes concerning race than we do.

This is what makes my day.I've read this and seen this in true life more than a thousand times .you ilogical fools who back up some nutjob purporting that its american colonialism like (i know its the communist league of america in the u-district you got the people blinded)thats destroying the middleeast and Asia and that we are the bad guys.This is proof that these people are looking for backup pover their whether its big bad America or the Russians or Europe theywant us there and its pissing off the Clerics because they will eventually be dismantled off there high and mighty religous cause just by there own people.And if its Americans who give the woman and men in The middleast cause to do so so be it.It was ment to happen.This article was right on Savage ,I hope all of Seattle reads it and hurraah for people who put their lives on the line for freedom from religion

The often-censored Gary Trudeau weighs in:

Why has the U.S. news media (broadcast and print), almost universally refused to publish the cartoons?

I assume because they believe, correctly, it is unnecessarily inflammatory. It's legal to run them, but is it wise? The Danish editor who started all this actually recruited cartoonists to draw offensive cartoons (some of those he invited declined). And why did he do it? To demonstrate that in a Western liberal society he could. Well, we already knew that. Some victory for freedom of expression. An editor who deliberately sets out to provoke or hurt people because he's worried about "self-censorship" is not an editor I'd care to work for.

"Touchstone, when has a policy of ignoring a international political problem ever solved anything ?"

When has a policy of deliberately exacerbating an international political problem ever solved anything? Sanders said it better Saturday than I could:

"You think the way to deal with an angry mob led by religious demagogues is to stand in front of the mob and shout Fuck You. I think it might be better not to give the demagogues so much easy ammunition in the first place, and also to remedy the situation that now provides them such a large group of alienated, angry people to prey upon. That’s where we disagree. The rest we agree on."

Perhaps I wasn't clear: I wasn't advocating censorship; I was opposed to printing these cartoons for the sole intention of proving you can.

In the end, however, "The Stranger" is one of the last free traditional media sources in this nation, and I celebrate the fact it prints what it deems newsworthy. Establishment be damned.

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Holla and Happy Thanksgiving.

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